Another common violation in ice hockey is icing. An icing occurs when a team with puck possession shoots the puck from behind the center-ice line across the opponents goal line and a member of the opposing team touches the puck first. The infraction results in a face-off in the team’s defensive zone which committed the icing.
Throughout the course of a typical ice hockey game, players get called for penalties. A penalty is called when a player commits a personal infraction. There are six different kinds of penalties in ice hockey.
The first type of penalty is the most common, a minor penalty. When a minor penalty occurs, the player who commits the infractions receives a two-minute penalty and has to sit in the penalty box. That player’s team then has to play the proceeding two minutes short one skater putting the opponent on a power play. If the opposition scores while on the power play, the player in the penalty box who committed the penalty is released and his team returns to full strength.
When a player is in the penalty box, his team is considered short handed. While short handed, a team can ice the puck without icing being called.
A player can also be assessed a double-minor penalty if the infraction committed results in injury to the opposition. A double minor results in four minutes of penalty time. A double minor counts as two power-play opportunities for the opposition and if they score within the first two minutes of the double minor, the penalty gets reduced to two minutes and another power play proceeds.
The second kind of penalty infraction is a major penalty. The player committing the major penalty receives five-minutes in the penalty box. If the major penalty results in a power play, the player must remain in the penalty box and the time on the penalty must remain on the scoreboard for the entire five minutes, even if a goal is scored by the opposition.
Another type of penalty is misconduct. A misconduct can result in either a two-minute penalty, which puts the opposition on a power play, or a 10-minute penalty which does not put the opponent on the power play. A player who receives a 10-minute misconduct must sit in the penalty for the entire 10 minutes.
A player or coach can also receive a game-misconduct penalty. If a player receives a game misconduct, they are immediately removed from the game and cannot return. A game misconduct is listed as a 10-minute penalty on a score sheet.
Finally, a bench penalty can also be assessed by the referee or linesman during a game. A bench penalty can result in either a minor, misconduct or game misconduct penalty.
The following is a list of common penalties called during an ice hockey game along with the signal given by the referee to indicate the penalty:
is called on a player who body checks, elbows or trips an opponent violently into the boards. A boarding penalty results in a minor penalty but can be called a major penalty as well if the body check causes an injury to the opponent. If a major penalty is determined, the player can be given a game misconduct.
A player is called for a charging
penalty when he makes a deliberate move of two strides or more to body check an opponent. A minor penalty is the typical result, but charging can be called a major penalty if the body check causes an injury to the opponent.
penalty is called when a skater holds his stick in both hands and hits an opposing player with the shaft of his stick. A cross-checking penalty results in a minor penalty unless injury occurs or if there is blood drawn, then the penalty is a major penalty. If a major penalty is determined, the player can be given a game misconduct.
penalty is called when a player checks an opponent or impedes the progress of the opponent with an elbow. A minor penalty is called unless an injury occurs and then the player committing the elbow gets a major penalty. If a major penalty is determined, the player can be given a game misconduct.
When a player engages in fisticuffs, a fighting penalty is called. An official fight occurs when a player drops their stick and removes their gloves and throws a punch. A fighting penalty results in a major penalty. If a player instigates a fight with an opponent, the player will receive a minor penalty for instigating and a 10-minute misconduct.
A high sticking penalty is called when a player strikes an opposing player with his stick above his shoulders or in a dangerous way. A sticking penalty is a minor penalty, but can be called a double minor or major if injury or bloodshed occurs. A player can also receive a game misconduct for a major high sticking penalty.
A player is whistled for a holding penalty when he grabs a hold and or impedes the progress of an opposing player with his hand or arm. A holding infraction results in a minor penalty. A player can also be called for holding the stick is they grab the opposing player’s hockey stick. Holding the stick also results in a minor penalty.
A hooking penalty is handed out when a player uses his hockey stick impede the progress or interfere with an opposing player. A minor penalty is called if a player commits a holding penalty.
An interference penalty is called on a player if they impede the progress of a player with their body, set a pick on the opposition or stop the opponent’s forward progress when they do not have the puck. An interference infraction results in a minor penalty.
A player is called for a kneeing
penalty when he attempts to body check an opponent but uses his knee to hit the opposition. A kneeing penalty is called a minor penalty unless injury ensues or an attempt to injure the opponent is determined and then a player receives a major penalty and a game misconduct.
A roughing penalty is called on a player if a scrum ensues and there is pushing and shoving between two players. An unnecessary body check can also result in a roughing penalty and the player committing the infraction receives a minor penalty.
penalty is called on a player if he swings or chops his hockey stick at an opponent and comes in contact with the opponent’s body or hockey stick. A minor penalty is called on the player committing the infraction, but a major penalty can occur if an injury occurs on the opponent. If a major penalty is determined, the player can be given a game misconduct.
A player receives a major penalty if he is called for a spearing penalty. A spearing penalty is called if a player uses the end of his stick blade to strike an opponent. Spearing is one of the most severe penalties in hockey and is almost always accompanied by a game misconduct.
A tripping penalty is called when a player uses his stick to trip an opponent around his legs or skates. Tripping can also be called if a player uses his leg or skate to knock an opposing player off balance. A tripping infraction is a minor penalty.